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Travel information about Italy

Italy is a boot-shaped country located in Southern Europe. It has a total area of 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) and a population of 60,589,445. With the beautiful coast, landscapes and mountain ranges, no wonder it is called the “Bel Paese” or the “Beautiful Country”. Italy is also known as the home for arts and architecture where you can see the works of Michelangelo and Botticelli.

Capital city of Italy: Rome

Closest neighbors to Italy: Italy shares borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia.

Best times to visit Italy: Best time to visit is from April to June and mid-September to October where temperatures are pleasant and not too much crowd. Now if you want to swim, just remember that only in the south part of Italy is warm enough outside of May-September period.

How to get to Italy: Visitors can get to Italy by plane, ferry, bus, or train but usually, from USA and Canada, they took the plane and land in Rome, Venice, or Milan.

Visa requirements for Italy: No visa required for 90 days of travel for US citizens. However, if they plan to stay more than 90 days, one should obtain a visa at a regional Italian consulate office. A passport valid for 3 months is required.

Currency of Italy: Euro (€) (EUR) is the currency of Italy.

Official Language of Italy: Italian is the official language of Italy.

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Italy

There are 53 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Italy and 40 on their tentative list.

Cultural (48)

  • 18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex (1997)
  • Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy (2003)
  • Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalú and Monreale (2015)
  • Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia (1998)
  • Archaeological Area of Agrigento (1997)
  • Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997)
  • Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites (2000)
  • Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (1997)
  • Castel del Monte (1996)
  • Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena (1997)
  • Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci (1980)
  • Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological Sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula (1998)
  • City of Verona (2000)
  • City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (1994,1996)
  • Costiera Amalfitana (1997)
  • Crespi d’Adda (1995)
  • Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (1996)
  • Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia (2004)
  • Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (1995,1999)
  • Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli (2006)
  • Historic Centre of Florence (1982)
  • Historic Centre of Naples (1995)
  • Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1980,1990)
  • Historic Centre of San Gimignano (1990)
  • Historic Centre of Siena (1995)
  • Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (1996)
  • Historic Centre of Urbino (1998)
  • Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) (2002)
  • Longobards in Italy. Places of the Power (568-774 A.D.) (2011)
  • Mantua and Sabbioneta (2008)
  • Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany (2013)
  • Piazza del Duomo, Pisa (1987)
  • Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (1997)
  • Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps (2011)
  • Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (1997)
  • Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes (2008)
  • Rock Drawings in Valcamonica (1979)
  • Su Nuraxi di Barumini (1997)
  • Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica (2005)
  • The Trulli of Alberobello (1996)
  • The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera (1993)
  • Val d’Orcia (2004)
  • Venetian Works of Defence between the 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da Mar (2017)
  • Venice and its Lagoon (1987)
  • Villa Adriana (Tivoli) (1999)
  • Villa d’Este, Tivoli (2001)
  • Villa Romana del Casale (1997)
  • Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato (2014)

Natural (5)

  • Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe (2007,2011,2017)
  • Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2000)
  • Monte San Giorgio (2003,2010)
  • Mount Etna (2013)
  • The Dolomites (2009)


Scuba diving safety tips

Keep these rules of thumb in mind whenever you are on or by the water:

  1. Think safety at all times. Planning reduces risk and gives you more worry-free fun.
  2. Bring the necessary equipment. It should be in good condition and easily accessible.
  3. Respect the sea and the weather. Only go out with your boat when it is safe.
  4. Follow the rules of the sea, and make sure you know what they are.
  5. Wear life jackets or other flotation devices.
  6. Make sure you are rested and sober. Do not drive a boat while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  7. Be considerate, and remember that safety, the environment, and the well-being of everybody is a common responsibility.
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